Glaucoma Center Performing Vital Vision Care in Jacksonville and Nocatee FL
Glaucoma causes the internal pressure of the eye to increase enough to damage the nerve fibers in the optic nerve and cause vision loss. It is one of the leading causes of preventable blindness in the United States and is particularly dangerous because it can steal sight without warning or symptoms. Many nationally conducted studies indicate that the presence of optic nerve damage is the most accurate definition of glaucoma. In patients with glaucoma, for reasons which are not completely understood, these individual fibers begin to “die off” leading to a loss of peripheral and eventually central vision. Various risk factors such as high intraocular pressure, being nearsighted, and being of African-American descent can make someone more likely to be affected by glaucoma as they age.
Statistics released and reported by the Glaucoma Research Foundation indicates that over four million Americans have Glaucoma … and only half are aware they have it! An antiquated definition of glaucoma revolved around elevated eye pressure. In fact, an individual can have statistically normal pressures and still have glaucoma. And an individual can have statistically elevated pressures and never get glaucoma.
What are the symptoms of glaucoma?
Typically, there are no symptoms. Open angle glaucoma, which is the most common type of glaucoma, develops gradually and painlessly, without symptoms. As the disease progresses, a person with glaucoma will not notice any symptoms until late in the disease when vision gradually fails with: loss of peripheral vision; blurred vision and difficulty focusing on objects.
How is glaucoma diagnosed?
Schedule your annual eye exam today! Having an annual comprehensive eye examination measures the intraocular pressure and dilates the pupil allowing Dr. Barnhorst or Dr. Balo to closely examine the optic nerve. At Barnhorst Eye Associates we use the latest proven technologies and methods to screen patients for glaucoma.
How is glaucoma treated?
Several treatments are available including eye drop therapy, laser treatments and surgery.